Beekeeper Melanie Kempers explained the beard process.
Every colony has one queen. They all recognize her by smell. We put her in a small plastic cage and tie it around the neck, and we take the bees from her colony. We put them onto newspaper, and then pour them into a pair of hands just below the queen. They smell her and walk up towards her. Once they smell her, they huddle around her, that’s what creates the certain look.